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Health Encylopedia

 
Belching
 
SubjectContents
Definition The act of bringing up air from the stomach with a typical sound.
Alternative Names Burping; Eructation; Gas
Considerations Depending on the cause, belching may change in duration and intensity. Symptoms such as nausea , dyspepsia , and heartburn may be relieved by belching.
Common Causes
  • Most episodes are from the unconscious swallowing of air
  • Consumption of gas-producing foods or drinks (such as carbonated beverages)
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Home Care Relief may be obtained by lying on the side or in a knee-chest position until the gas passes. Avoid chewing gum, eating quickly, and eating gas-producing foods and beverages.
    Call your health care provider if
  • The belching is persistent and unexplained, or if it is accompanied by other symptoms.
  • Note: This is usually a minor symptom, and often quite insignificant.
    What to expect at your health care provider's office The medical history will be obtained and a physical examination will be performed. Medical history questions may include:
  • Is this the first time that this has occurred?
  • Is there a pattern to occurrences?
  • Does it occur when nervous?
  • Does it occur after certain foods or beverages?
  • What other symptoms are present?
  • Is there
  • vomiting ?
  • Is there
  • abdominal pain ?
  • Is there heartburn or a sour taste in the mouth?
  • Diagnostic tests will be determined by the findings of physical examination and by what additional signs or symptoms, if any, accompany the belching. After seeing your health care provider: If a diagnosis was made by your health care provider as the cause of persistent belching, you may want to note that diagnosis in your personal medical record.